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Understanding the Gynae Anatomy

In this informative guide we’ll delve into the gynae anatomy.


Components of the reproductive system


The reproductive system is made up of a Uterus (a muscular organ the size and shape of a pear, where a baby develops inside the pelvis, also known as a womb), the Ovaries (two walnut-sized organs containing eggs located either side of the uterus).


The role of the Fallopian tubes

The Fallopian tubes, which are connected to the uterus and positioned near the Ovaries, play a crucial role in the reproductive process. These tubes are where the egg, if fertilised, unites with sperm before implanting in the Uterus where the fertilised egg develops into a baby.


The Cervix, Vagina & the Vulva


The Cervix is the lower part of the uterus, connecting it to the Vagina. The Vagina is the opening of the reproductive tract. The Vulva is the name given for what we see on the outside.


Hormones and the menstrual cycle


These delicate internal and external organs respond to hormones, which serve as the body’s signal messages. Hormones cause the lining of the Uterus to thicken and prepare the Ovaries for the monthly release of an egg. If pregnancy occurs, the egg comes together with sperm in the Fallopian tube before implanting in the Uterus to form a baby.


Menstruation and the hormone cycle


In most cycles, if the egg is remains unfertilised, the thickened uterine lining breaks down (bleeds) and exits the body through the Cervix and the Vagina, this is called menstruation or a period. The same thing happens each month in response to the normal hormonal cycle.

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