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What is Endometriosis?

Endometriosis occurs when abnormal cells - similar to the cells that make up the lining the uterus (known as the endometrium) are found in areas of the body they shouldn’t be, usually within the pelvis. 

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It is most commonly found affecting the lining of the pelvis, the ovaries, and the cul-de-sac (the area between the upper vagina and the rectum), the urinary bladder, and the bowel.


Endometriosis can lead to irritation, inflammation, the formation of scar tissue, cysts, bleeding, pelvic pain, and often debilitating symptoms, interfering with fertility.

Endometriosis can also create fibrous scar tissue, causing organs such as the ovaries, the fallopian tubes, the uterus, and the bowel to stick together. This can distort the organs, jeopardising their function which can lead to severe pain and sometimes serious medical problems. In the more severe type, it is often referred to as frozen pelvis disease.

Endometriosis can often be found along with Adenomyosis, which is where the abnormal cells grow inside the muscle wall of the uterus (myometrium), causing the uterus to thicken and increase in size.

  • Endometriosis is not an infection. 

  • Endometriosis is not contagious. 

  • Endometriosis is not cancer. 

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